Mr. Kiblagat oo si rasmi ah saaka ula wareegey xilka gudoomiyaha shirka Eldoret.
ELDORET,KENYA JAN 22 2003- NAIROBI, 22 Jan 2003 (IRIN) - Waxaa saaka lagu qabtay hoolka weyn ee soomaalida shirku uga socdo ee magaalada Eldoret xaflad si wanaagsan loo soo abuubulay oo uu xilka kula wareegayey gudoomiyaha cusub ee loo magacaabay inuu hogaamiyo shirka dib u heshiisinta soomaalida uga socdaa halkaas..
Xafladaas oo uu goob joog ka ahaa wasiirka arimaha dibada ee dalka Kenya Mr. Kalonza iyo gudoomiyihii hore ee is casiley Mwangale iyo kan lagu bedeley MR Kiblagat,waxaa iyaguna goob joog xafladaas ka ahaa hogaamiye kooxeed fara badan oo soomaaliyeed oo ku sugnaa halkaas.
Waxaa iyaguna halkaas ka hadlay madaxweynaha dawlad goboleedka Puntland Cabdilaahi Yuusuf Axmed oo u mahadceliyey dawlada Kenya sida walaaltinimada ah ee ay ula dadaalayaan shacabka soomaaliyeed,wuxuuna isla markaa uu gacan qaaday wasiirka iyo labada gudoomiye.
Waxaa iyaguna hadalo kuwaas la mid halkaas ka jeediyey ra,iisul wasaaraha TNG Xasan Abshir Faarax iyo Caasho Xaaji cilmi.
Waxay dhamaan dadkaas soomaaliyeed ee meesha ka hadlay ka codsadeen dawlada Kenya,gudiga farsamada IGAD iyo dhamaan dawladaha aduunka o dhan inay madasha shirka la keeno Somaliland,taasoo ah qayb ka mid ah soomaaliya,hadii kale bay yidhaahdeen nabad gelyo waarta sida loo helaa waad adkaanaysaa,waxayna tilmaameen inay jiraan dawlado iyo ururo u ololaynaya in soomaaliya la kala jaro.
SOMALIA: Aydid opposed to presidential system.
ELDORET,KENYA JAN 22 2003- NAIROBI, 22 Jan 2003 (IRIN) - Mogadishu-based faction leader Husayn Aydid has called on the Somali delegates meeting in the Kenyan town of Eldoret not to set up a presidential system of government.
Aydid, who is the current chairman of the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC) - a grouping of southern factions opposed to the Transitional National Government (TNG) - said there was so much mistrust between the various Somali groups that "it would be next to impossible to settle on one individual" as president.
"No-one would agree to give so much power to one individual, because there is no trust," he told IRIN on Wednesday.
Aydid warned that "any president elected by 300 people [the number of delegates in Eldoret] will not have much legitimacy at home". He said in this respect that earlier peace conferences should serve "as an example and warning".
In 1991, Ali Mahdi Muhammad was elected as president during peace talks in Djibouti, while the TNG was established in 2000 with Abdiqassim Salad Hassan as its president at the Arta conference in Djibouti, but neither succeeded in restoring peace "because of the question of legitimacy", Aydid pointed out.
Aydid said he favoured a parliamentary system of government "with ultimate power resting with it".
He recommended that a two-chamber parliament be set up with an upper house or state council consisting of all the leaders of the political groups in Somalia "where ultimate power will rest for the duration of the transition period". The state council would have a rotating chairman, he said. There should also be a lower house or a state assembly.
A regional analyst told IRIN that Aydid's proposal was "unrealistic" because it did not take into consideration the importance of clan balance to any peace deal. The analyst said any institution set up on the basis of faction leaders would specifically favour two clans and would not be seen as representative.
"The Hawiye and Darod clans have the largest number of factions and faction leaders, and any state council as proposed by Aydid will be dominated by them," he said. "I don't believe that other major clans, such as the Dir, Digil and Mirifle, and the minority clans will agree to such an arrangement."
'Somali Factions Want a Solution,' says Mediator
ELDORET,KENYA JAN 22 2003- The man who was recently appointed to mediate the peace talks on Somalia says he believes the political will exists to bring peace to the war-torn country, which has been without a central government since 1991.
The mediator, Bethuel Kiplagat, was appointed last week to help Somalia's various factions reach agreement at peace talks that have been under way for three months. In an interview with VOA, Mr. Kiplagat said his initial discussions with those involved in the talks have made him optimistic.
"The reports so far that I have received - that the Somalis would like to carry on and find a solution to their problem, that the condition within the region and also in Somalia is favorable to getting an agreement - that's what I am hearing," he said.
The previous mediator, Elijah Mwangale, was removed last week following complaints from some of the various Somali factions that he was acting like a dictator.
Mr. Mwangale had blamed his difficulties on poor relations among the 20-plus leaders at the talks, which are being held in the Kenyan town of Eldoret.
Mr. Kiplagat, a Kenyan diplomat, says the fact that there has been little progress so far in the talks doesn't surprise him. There are a lot of factions, he says, and they come from very different backgrounds.
"They are such a varied group, all the way from elders to university graduates, and also the clan differences," he said. "The memories of the past 12 years, they are carrying a lot of baggage and with that baggage, you are bound to have differences and arguments. So I am used to this kind and there is no peace process where there are no major internal differences. The only thing you have to do is find a way of chipping at some of these problems."
Mr. Kiplagat is traveling to Eldoret on Tuesday and plans to have his first meeting with the delegates to the peace talks on Wednesday. He will be joined by the Kenyan foreign minister, Kalonzo Mufyoka, who is expected to urge the Somalis to continue with their push for peace.
Somalia has been ruled by rival warlords since the ouster of President Mohammed Siad Barre 12 years ago.
Gang war haunts mothers
Jamestown families live indoors in fear Retaliation threats keep many from speaking out
SOCIAL POLICY REPORTER
Fear permeates Mariam Dahir's neighbourhood.No matter what the weather, Dahir keeps her four children inside the family's cramped second-floor apartment.When they must go to school or shopping, she takes them by car.When they pick out new clothes, Dahir is careful not to dress them in red or blue, the local gang colours. Dahir knows a woman whose 5-year-old son was attacked by a group of older boys simply because he was wearing a red shirt. The fear that a child might be gunned down in street-gang warfare haunts Dahir and many other mothers in this crime-ridden north Etobicoke neighbourhood."A boy at my son's school got shot on the street, and now he is paralyzed," says Dahir, who came to Canada from Somalia 14 years ago. "We left violence in our homeland and came here for a better life ... this is not what we expected." During the past six years, police at 23 Division, here in north Etobicoke, have laid more charges for violent crimes than officers in any other division in the city. And most of the crimes are concentrated in Dahir's neighbourhood, known as Jamestown. Dahir, along with her husband, Nur Ali, a taxi driver, and their children, who range in age from 7 to 17, live in a subsidized apartment on John Garland Blvd. It's within police patrol area 2302, which stretches from the Humber River west to Highway 27, and from Steeles Ave. south to Albion Rd. In 2000, gang shootings in this area left six young men dead in only six months. All the dead were members of the Crips street gang.
The most recent fatal shooting occurred last Oct. 21. Dahir was visiting a friend a few blocks away from her apartment when suddenly she heard the gunfire."I dropped to the ground," she recalls. "Then, when I got up I saw that this man had his entire head blown off. ... I will never forget that." Dahir and other mothers recall another shooting incident around the same time that left them shaken. On a Sunday evening, a group of gun-toting youths shot the windows out of 12 cars parked in the lot across from Dahir's apartment building."What if someone had been in one of the cars?" asked one of Dahir's friends, a Somali mother of three children.Dahir and many of the mothers who belong to an informal women's group she has organized — the Jamestown Women's Support Group — are also concerned that drug dealers from outside the area have used violence and threats to force some people in the Somali community to buy drugs.The women say they cannot turn to police for help, for fear of retaliation by the gangs."People here are afraid to speak out," says Dahir, the only one of eight Somali mothers interviewed who would agree to have her name used."I figure I can only die once," she says. "I believe in justice ... I believe it's time we should tell the truth of what is happening here."Dahir is asking police at 23 Division to install bright lights and video surveillance cameras in the area around her apartment building.Putting speed bumps along some of the streets might also serve as a deterrent to those who want to commit crimes, she says.Unlike many of her Somali friends, who dream of moving to a safer neighbourhood, Dahir says she likes living in Jamestown."There are some people who call it Doomstown," she says. "That's not true, and I'd like to sue them for saying that."
`We left violence in our homeland and came here for a better life ... this is not what we expected.'Mariam Dahir